Mark Thiessen Nation, professor of theology at Eastern Mennonite Seminary, has broken new ground in the story of Dietrich Bonhoeffer. Nation’s new book, co-written with two former students, argues that Bonhoeffer was a pacifist from the time of his tenure in America in about 1931. Going against the conventional wisdom that Bonhoeffer was a co-conspirator in one or more plots to kill Hitler, Nation et al assert that Bonhoeffer was and remained a Christian pacifist, committed to the “costly discipleship” of which he wrote so powerfully.
As a fan of Bonhoeffer’s I was always troubled by his alleged involvement in the unsuccessful attempt to assassinate Hitler, which seemed at odds with his complete commitment to the Christ of the Sermon on the Mount. One of the classic lines of Christian literature is Bonhoeffer’s “When Christ calls a man, he bids him come and die” from The Cost of Discipleship, now re-titled in a new Bonhoeffer edition as just Discipleship. Now there is strong evidence that Bonhoeffer was executed, not for his attempt to kill Hitler, but for his unswerving commitment to Christ and his consistent pacifism. If true, and I hope it will attract further examination, Bonhoeffer emerges as a true martyr for Christ, not just another Christian who resorted to violence to combat evil.
Nation presented the results of the team’s research at a colloquium at EMU. You can listen to the podcast, which runs about an hour, plus 20+ minutes for questions from the audience. You can also download the podcast from EMU’s iTunes selections. Nation’s case is well-made, with compelling stories and illustrations from Bonhoeffer’s life. The podcast is worth an hour. The book will be published by Baker Academic some time next year.
Here’s the first message in a seven-part series on The Lord’s Prayer. We’re using The Lord’s Prayer to form us spiritually during Lent this year. Join us in these days of preparation by praying The Lord’s Prayer each day.
When You Pray: The Lord’s Prayer
5 “And when you pray, do not be like the hypocrites, for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the street corners to be seen by men. I tell you the truth, they have received their reward in full. 6 But when you pray, go into your room, close the door and pray to your Father, who is unseen. Then your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will reward you. 7 And when you pray, do not keep on babbling like pagans, for they think they will be heard because of their many words. 8 Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ask him.
The news from both the Middle East and the midwest has been interesting lately. On the one hand, government leaders in Egypt, Tunisia, Bahrain, Yemen, and now Libya are being challenged by their own people. On the other hand, here in the heartland of the United States and the home of the Green Bay Packers another challenge is being played out as thousands of demonstrators oppose the budget cuts of a conservative governor.
Before anyone starts siding with or against Scott Walker, the Republican governor of Wisconsin, let me issue this disclaimer: I am not interested in the politics of either Wisconsin or Libya for the purposes of this discussion. What I am interested in is what both of these events teach us about leadership, especially church leadership.
Here’s my point: Egypt’s struggle for relief from the oppression of the Mubarak regime could have ended very differently. But it didn’t. Egypt’s leaders realized that common, everyday people had legitimate grievances. And when an attempt was made to crush the revolution by force, these same leaders were rebuked by world opinion. In other words, the leaders of Egypt, however reluctantly, listened to the will of the people.
The result in Egypt was a change in direction, and a new future which is still being formed. Other countries followed Egypt’s example when royal regimes in Bahrain and Jordan pledged reforms in response to demonstrations there. Libya by contrast, is a study in the use of force, violence, and propaganda by Gaddafi against his own people.
Here in the United States, conservative governors like Scott Walker are standing firm, refusing to talk with their opposition. Political intransigence has produced a legislative logjam, and it’s doubtful if either side will get what it wants. Politics aside, what are the lessons about leadership that we should be learning from these events?
Here are three quick observations:
First, leadership depends upon the consent of followers. Once the majority of the Egyptian people turned on Mubarak, even he knew his days were numbered. The same is true in churches. Just because you have the title of pastor, doesn’t mean you can exercise power without regard to the opinions and feelings of your church members. Leadership, by its very definition, depends upon the cooperation and support of those being led.
Secondly, force succeeds sometimes, but not all the time. China successfully suppressed the democracy movement by killing students in Tiannamen Square in 1989. Gaddafi is holding off the opposition with force for now. Pastors can push and cajole to get their way sometimes. But the toll in both the political world and the faith community can be very high. I have read that 1,000 pastors leave the ministry each month, and much of that has to be due to conflict.
Finally, how you get there is just as important as where you’re going. The journey is just as important as the destination, especially in churches. While dictatorships are a sure way to keep things under control, eventually that kind of government becomes unbearable for its citizens. The same is true for churches, and especially small churches. How we deal with difficulty, how we treat each other, and the means we use to accomplish our goals are just as important as the final outcome.
I do understand that churches need to change, that new people ought to be reached, and that sometimes the process is painful. But world events offer us a ringside seat on lessons of leadership. Listening and learning gets my vote. How about you?
Okay, I know I said I was stopping this blog, but after a nice 3-month break, I’m back. I’ll start posting sermons this week, beginning with a new series that starts this Sunday on The Lord’s Prayer. I’m suggesting that our members use The Lord’s Prayer for lenten meditation and preparation. The first sermon should be up by Friday or Saturday, and then the rest of this 7-week series will follow.
Feels good to be back here, and I hope the content will be fresher and more helpful than ever.